Please see updates to this section at Substack:
April 2013 – Dec 2015
[As revealed by Edward Snowden, the spy agencies had in effect deputized Google, Microsoft, Facebook, Apple, telephone companies, Internet Service Providers, and others to record email messages, telephone conversations, Web-browsing, and virtually everything else done on-line. Despite these revelations, the scope of the spying increased exponentially, and crossed national borders freely, as U.S. and British spies collaborated to eavesdrop on trans-Atlantic conversations and Internet traffic. The bulk of this enormous effort focused on ordinary citizens of whom not the slightest cause for suspicion, let alone the constitutional ‘probable cause’ standard, existed. While Chinese spies were freely helping themselves to U.S. Defense secrets and valuable industrial technology, U.S. spy agencies assessed the American populace to be their worst enemy, judging by where the spying effort was directed.]
[The staggering volume of data, measure in petabytes, hoovered up by the spy agencies was not very good for finding domestic or foreign terrorists, but what it proved to be good at was harassing political opponents like the Tea Party groups. ]
[Anglo-American cooperation materialized during this period in the unlikely person of an unemployed British spy with a penchant for self-dramatization, lacking, however, the literary talent required to supply even a hint of verisimilitude to his fanciful reports of life in Moscow. Fortunately for him, a vodka-addled Russian source in the employ of the Brookings Institution supplied the creative details needed to cobble together a series of notes sold once to a major political party, and then, enterprisingly, the revised edition sold again to the U.S. spy agencies. The cast of characters included an MI5 Director with a name LeCarré might have invented, John Dearlove, supplying a touch of British class without which any spy story would be incomplete.]
[Several occurrences with consequences that sprang seemingly out of nowhere, years later, originated during this period. Little noted or effectively concealed at the time, their later significance merits a place in this part of the timeline. These include continuing payments from China, Ukraine, and Russia to the family of the Vice-President for unspecified services, the U.S. ceding of Iraq to Iran, the shutdown of the DEA investigation of Hezbollah, NIH funding of research enabling bat viruses to attach to human airways, and the removal of hundreds of top military officers for having failed ‘micro-aggression’ training and their replacement with politically compliant officers. All of these proved extremely consequential later.]PM
This section is now (May 2022) located here: https://peterdanielmiller.substack.com/p/timeline-of-us-political-transformation-f51?s=w
4. Making Enemies
April 30, 2013: Senator John McCain’s staff director, Henry Kerner, urges top IRS officials, including director of exempt organizations Lois Lerner, to ‘audit so many [Tea Party groups] that it becomes financially ruinous‘.
May 10, 2013: Former IRS director of exempt organizations Lois Lerner admits the IRS intentionally delays applications for tax-exempt status from conservative non-profit groups, apologizes to Tea Party groups for having pursued malicious pretexts for prosecution. || Source
June 5, 2013: Edward Snowden reveals warrantless mass surveillance and bulk collection of phone, Internet, bank, and other records without any cause to suspect crime, by NSA and other spy agencies in the U.S. He provides evidence to Glenn Greenwald of the Guardian and Barton Gellman of the Washington Post. NSA software called PRISM collects data directly from servers of Google, Microsoft, Facebook, Apple, and others. It is later disclosed on Aug 29, 2013 that NSA pays hundreds of millions of dollars to these companies for access to their networks.
Pursuant to a top-secret memo dated Sept 15, 2009, NSA shares data, surveillance assets, and conclusions with Britain’s GCHQ, a relationship originating in WWII and maintained throughout the Cold War. The relationship enables both parties to circumvent laws limiting surveillance to domestic targets and requiring probable cause to spy on specific individuals.
Snowden is granted asylum in Russia for two months. || Source and the Intercept
June 15, 2013: Hunter Biden and other shareholders sign agreement in Beijing to form Bohai Capital together with Chinese State agencies including Bank of China, China Postal Savings Bank, China Development Bank, National Council for Social Security Funds, and China Life. The company is later incorporated in China in Dec 2015, and becomes the vehicle for Hunter’s initial $400,000 stake to expand to $1.6 billion with funds supplied by Chinese government agencies. || Source
June 20, 2013: IRS pays bonuses of $42,000 and $100,000 to two former IRS Commissioners who had directed IRS special scrutiny of Obama-opposition Tea Party groups.
June 20, 2013: Guardian (Greenwald) publishes Snowden secret documents with U.S. NSA rules for conducting mass surveillance that merge domestic and foreign targets, contrary to ‘minimization’ standards. || Source
June 21, 2013: Snowden documents show Britain’s GCHQ taps fiber-optic cables to collect and store global email messages, Facebook posts, internet histories, and calls, and then shares the data with the NSA. GCHQ works within NSA’s Fort Meade Md HQ.
July 2, 2013: DNI Clapper apologizes for lying to Congress in March 2013 testimony.
July 3, 2013: Egyptian Field Marshall Abdel Fattah el-Sisi overthrows Muslim Brotherhood’s Mohammed Morsi in military coup.
July 2013: FISA Court broadens scope of secret warrantless searches from terrorism cases to those involving nuclear proliferation, cyber-attacks, and other security concerns. NYTimes Eric Lichtblau characterizes the 11-member FISA Court’s expanded role as that of a ‘parallel Supreme Court’. || Source
July 31, 2013: Snowden reveals that low-level NSA analysts like himself could find the phone, email, and any Internet activity of anyone in the world through simple queries to a program called XKeyscore, which integrates highly focused content and metadata searches. || Source
July 31, 2013: Bradley (later Chelsea) Manning convicted of violating Espionage Act.
Aug 1, 2013: U.S. Government pays Britain’s GCHQ $155 million for use of its spying programs.
Aug 2, 2013: Telecom companies (owners of undersea cables) provide GCHQ secret unlimited access to all traffic through their undersea cables.
Aug 7, 2013: Russia extends Snowden’s period of asylum for three years.
2013 – 2015: Johnathan Winer distributes more than 100 memos from ex-spy Christopher Steele’s company, Orbis Business Intelligence, to U.S. policy-makers, on behalf of Steele’s client, Russian oligarch Oleg Deripaska. || Source
Sept 4, 2013: James Comey becomes FBI Director, succeeding Robert Mueller.
Oct 2013: FBI officially names Steele as a Confidential Human Source (CHS), in part to compensate Steele for his assistance with the a previous investigation of FIFA. Source: Senate Intel Committee Report, V5, p 856.
Oct 2013: Amazon owner Jeff Bezos purchases Washington Post, using funds from cloud services contract awarded to Amazon by CIA in March 2013.
Nov 1, 2013: Edward Snowden reveals Britain’s GCHQ and other European spy agencies work together to conduct mass surveillance. || Source
Nov 2013: Donald Trump brings Miss Universe pageant to Moscow, collecting an estimated $3 million from the local hosts billionaire real estate tycoon Aras Agalarov and his son Emin, a pop singer. || Source
Nov 20, 2013: UK government and NSA agree to share phone, internet, and email records of UK citizens, and cooperate on evading each country’s privacy laws.
Dec 2013: Trump Organization agrees to brand an Agalarov property in Moscow, but deal stalls due to Ukraine turmoil, falling oil prices, collapse of real-estate market, and sanctions.
2013 – 2020: U.S. DOD Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) provides $39 million in grants to Eco-Health Alliance (Peter Daszak, Chairman) for ‘understanding the risk of bat-borne zoonotic disease emergence in Western Asia’, for onward transfer to research organizations in China. The DOD grants are part of $123 million given to Eco-Health Alliance by various U.S. agencies, including $64.7 million from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), $13 million from Health and Human Services, which includes the National Institutes of Health and Centers for Disease Control, $2.3 million from the Department of Homeland Security, and $2.6 million from the National Science Foundation. || Source, based on independent research by James Baratta and Marianne Everett, Independent Science News, Dec 2020.
Dec 16, 2013: BHR (Bohai Harvest RST; RS = Rosemont Seneca, T = Thornton) is incorporated in Shanghai China, one week after VP Joe Biden and son Hunter visit Beijing. BHR is financed by Chinese Government banks including Bank of China, Postal Savings Bank of China, China Development Bank, National Council for Social Security Funds, and China Life. Hunter Biden becomes a BHR Board member and receives a 10 percent share of the company. || Source: Chinese records and Riding the Dragon; and Source2
Dec 20, 2013: Chinese Government via BHR invests $1.5 billion in Hunter Biden’s equity fund Rosemont Seneca Partners. || Source: Peter Schweizer, ‘Riding the Dragon’ film
Jan 20, 2014: President Obama in New Yorker interview dismisses ISIS as ‘JV team‘ and ‘not a direct threat to us‘. ISIS leader Baghdadi later declares Caliphate in captured territory in Iraq and Syria in June 2014.
Feb 4, 2014: George Soros’ Open Society Institute sponsors riots on Maidan in Kiev, the prototype for similar operations in the United States in 2020. Assistant Secretary of State Victoria Nuland instructs U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine Geoffrey Pyatt to have Arseniy Yatsenyuk (aka Yats) appointed Prime Minister after the soon-to-be-completed coup d’etat. When Pyatt expresses concern about EU misgivings, Nuland says ‘Fuck the EU‘.
Feb 11, 2014: DIA Director Flynn testifies to Senate Armed Services Committee re Annual Threat Assessment that ISIS would ‘attempt to take territory in Iraq and Syria‘, contradicting President Obama’s assessment that ISIS is not a significant threat.
Feb 14, 2014: Russian billionaire Yelena Baturina, widow of the former mayor of Moscow, wires $3.5 million to Rosemont Seneca Thornton, an investment firm owned by Hunter Biden and Devon Archer, incorporated on May 28, 2013 in Wilmington, Delaware, for a ‘consultancy agreement’. || Source1 , Source2 , Senate HSGA and Finance report, Oct 2020; Source3
Feb 15, 2014: Wanxiang Group acquires U.S. tax-funded Fisker Automotive and its plug-in hybrid technology in Delaware auction for $149 million. || Source
Feb 18, 2014: Snipers shoot and kill police officers and Soros activists to provoke insurrection in Ukraine.
Feb 22, 2014: Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych is ousted, flees to Russia. New U.S.-backed Ukraine Prime Minister Yatsenyuk expresses Ukraine’s intention to join NATO.
March 16, 2014: Crimeans vote to re-incorporate Crimea into Russia.
March 18, 2014: Russian Federal Assembly ratifies re-incorporation of Crimea into Russia after Crimea plebiscite.
March 2014: CIA secretly intercepts and collects communications of Congressional staff on anonymous reports of Intelligence Community abuses and on torture of prisoners through ‘routine counterintelligence monitoring of government computer systems’. Senate Intelligence and Finance Committees are two of the CIA targets. CIA Director Brennan falsely denies hacking into computer system of Senate Intelligence Committee: ‘Nothing could be further from the truth. I mean, we wouldn’t do that. I mean, that’s just beyond the scope of reason in terms of what we would do.’ IG report later confirms CIA hacking of Senate Intelligence Committee computers. Later, Brennan apologizes. || Source ; and Intelligence Community Inspector General Michael Atkinson disclosure Nov 2018 in response to Sen Grassley request.
March 20, 2014: Hackers employed by Chinese Government are discovered to have broken into U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) computer systems and stolen the records of more than 22 million people. OPM does not know when the breach occurred. The theft involves anyone whose background was checked as part of their applications for government positions, since 2000. Targets of the hack include security clearances, covert activities, biometric data, birthdates, health information, addresses, and other personal information. Such data can be used to recruit future intelligence agents or to acquire compromising information about persons who may become top officials in future. || Source
March 26, 2014: World Trade Organization rules China violated trade rules by restricting exports of rare-earth minerals used for mobile phones and electric vehicles, and molybdenum (used to produce corrosion-resistant steel). China asserts its sovereign right to promote sustainable development of these materials.
April 2014: DEA concludes Hezbollah ‘has leveraged relationships with corrupt foreign government officials and transnational criminal actors… creating a network that can be utilized to move metric ton quantities of cocaine, launder drug proceeds on a global scale, and procure weapons and precursors for explosives.’ Hezbollah ‘has at its disposal one of the most capable networks of actors coalescing elements of transnational organized crime with terrorism in the world’. || Source , Jack Riley, DEA chief of operations.
April 13, 2014: Devon Archer, Hunter Biden’s business partner, joins the Board of Ukranian gas-distributor Burisma.
April 14, 2014: 276 African Christian schoolgirls are kidnapped by Boko Haram, for auction by Muslim groups as sex slaves. Obama declines to designate Boko Haram as terror group or to send Special Operations forces, encourages people to tweet about the crime on social media. Boko Haram is allied with Muslim Brotherhood, protected by Obama Admin under secret order PSD-11.
April 18, 2014: Hunter Biden is appointed to the Board of Directors of Ukranian gas distributor Burisma, with compensation of $50,000/month.
April 22, 2014: VP Joe Biden travels to Ukraine, offers $50 million in aid to Ukranian Govt.
April 25, 2014: Chocolate magnate Petro Poroshenko elected president of Ukraine.
April 28, 2014: British officials seize $23 million from the London bank accounts of Burisma’s owner, Mykola Zlochevsky, for money-laundering.
April 30, 2014: President Obama fires DIA Director Lt Gen Flynn for ‘insubordination’ following an article calling for defeat of radical Islamic terrorists. || Source
May 2014: Ukranian Prosecutor General Vitaly Yarema receives $7 million bribe to stop the investigation of oligarch Burisma owner Mykola Vlochevsky and Burisma Board member Hunter Biden. Source: George Kent, then U.S. Embassy in Ukraine Charge d’Affaires, public testimony in impeachment inquiry November 14, 2019.
May 7, 2014: Second tranche of Chinese Government hack of OPM, with hackers disguised as employees of KeyPoint Government Solutions, a subcontractor. || Source
May 7, 2014: Burisma sends its first payment to Hunter Biden, $250,000 to the Boies Schiller law firm, for ‘Legal and Consulting Services’. || Source: Senate HSGA and Finance Committees report, Oct 2020.
May 12, 2014: Hunter Biden joins Burisma Board. Burisma Advisor Vadim Pozharskyi sends email to Hunter Biden and Devon Archer requesting urgent advice on how to use their influence to stop Ukranian government interference with Burisma’s business. || Source
May 12, 2014: Burisma Advisor Vadim Pozharskyi sends email to Hunter Biden and Devon Archer requesting urgent advice on how to use their influence to stop Ukranian government interference with Burisma’s business. || Source
May 15, 2014 – Feb 12, 2016: Burisma sends 48 wires to Rosemont Seneca Bohai totaling $3,489,490.78. Of the 48 transactions, 39 are for ‘Consulting Services’ each in the amount of $83,333.33, with the last of the payments occurring on Feb 12, 2016.
June 9, 2014: Islamic State captures Mosul, Iraq’s 2nd-largest city, Ramadi, Fallujah, and Tikrit. After one trillion dollars of U.S. expenditure and a decade of training, Iraqi Army flees, leaving territory, guns, rockets, humvees and other equipment and control to terrorists. This development is in line with former DIA Director Lt Gen Flynn’s Threat Assessment testimony to Senate Armed Services Committee on Feb 11, 2014. || Source
July 31, 2014: CIA Inspector General David Buckley reports CIA had broken into Senate Intelligence Committee computers. Senators call for CIA Director Brennan to resign. || Source
Aug 2014: State Dept turns over 15,000 pages of documents to Congressional Benghazi committee, revealing former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton used private server for government email. Her mishandling of classified info on this private system becomes subject of FBI probe, which is later set aside with no action.
Sept 4, 2014: IRS reports emails of staff that had targeted Tea Party for special scrutiny were lost or destroyed due to hard drive crashes and other technical problems. || Source
Sept 16, 2014: Burisma makes second payment to Hunter Biden via Boies Schiller law firm of $33,039.77, ‘for Legal and Consulting Services’. || Source: Senate HSGA and Finance Committees report, Oct 2020.
Sept 25, 2014: AG Eric Holder resigns.
2014: President Obama appoints CFIUS Staff Chair Aimen Mir Deputy Assistant Secretary for Investment Security. Mir had assisted CFIUS approval of Rosatom-owned Uranium One’s acquisition of 20 percent of American uranium resources.
August 2014: State Dept turns over 15,000 pages of documents to Congressional Benghazi committee, revealing former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton used private server for government email. Her mishandling of classified info on this private system becomes subject of FBI probe.
Nov 19, 2014: Johnathan Winer writes in a memo: ‘Toria [Victoria Nuland] and Paul [Jones], Three reports from Orbis. The man behind them and Orbis, Chris Steele (as previously mentioned, former MI6 Russia expert, and a trusted friend of mine) is in DC next couple of days. If you’d like to meet with him, let me know and I can put it together.’ || Source: Judicial Watch FOIA request
Dec 2014: Ukranian Prosecutor’s investigation of Burisma owner Mykola Zlochevsky and Hunter Biden ends suddenly, following payment of $7 million bribe to Ukraine’s prosecutor general, Vitaly Yarema, to ‘shut the case against Zlochevsky’. || Source: Testimony of former U.S. Ukranian Embassy Chargé d’Affaires George Kent to Senate
Dec 2014: BHR invests in China General Nuclear (CGN), a company under FBI investigation for stealing U.S. nuclear secrets. CGN and U.S. citizen Allen Ho, owner of Wilmington Delaware-based Energy Techology International (ETI), are charged by the U.S. Dept of Justice with stealing U.S. nuclear secrets in April 2016.
2015: Eco-Health Alliance Director Peter Daszak states publicly at a National Academy of Sciences conference: ‘We need to increase public understanding of the need for medical countermeasures such as a pan-coronavirus vaccine. A key driver is the media and the economics will follow the hype. We need to use that hype to our advantage to get to the real issues. Investors will respond if they see profit at the end of the process‘. || Source
2015: Dr. Zhengli et al ‘re-engineer HKU4 spike to build its capacity to infect human cells, with two mutations [which] demonstrate dramatic effects on viral entry into human cells‘. || Source: Zhengli S, Baric RS, et al, ‘Two Mutations Were Critical for Bat-to-Human Transmission of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus’. J Virol.2015;89(17):9199-9123. Funded by NIH grants RO1AI089728, RO1AI110700.
2015: Ye Jianming founds China Energy Company (CEFC) to acquire independent oil refineries around the world, with financing from several Chinese Government banks. || Source: Senate HGSA and Finance report, Oct 2020.
Jan 2015: Obama Admin warns Iran of imminent assassination of Quds Force commander Qassem Soleimani near Damascus by Israel, enabling Soleimani to escape. Quds Force continues attacking U.S. soldiers with roadside bombs (IEDs), until Soleimani is killed by drone in 2018. || Source , Kuwaiti newspaper Al-Jarida.
Jan 21, 2015: Hunter Biden’s BHR plus AVIC Auto, a subsidiary of the Chinese Government’s Aviation Industry Company, agree to purchase Henniges Automotive, a Michigan-based manufacturer whose vibration-dampening technology is used in the F-35 stealth aircraft, for $800 million. The Henniges technology is considered dual-use because it has both military and civilian (automotive) applications, therefore CFIUS approval is required. The stepson of Secretary of State John Kerry who chairs CFIUS is a partner of Hunter Biden in BHR (Rosemont is named after the Heinz family estate near Fox Chapel). Kerry does not recuse himself from participating in the CFIUS approval of the Henniges sale. || Source
Feb 15, 2015: Sandler Foundation executes contract to pay $7,000/month to Podesta Group. Herb and Marion Sandler had sold a bank they owned that specialized in adjustable-rate mortgages, for a $2.6 billion profit. The buyer, Wachovia Bank, having over-estimated the value of the mortgages, goes bankrupt shortly thereafter. John Podesta becomes Clinton campaign manager in late 2015. || Source
2015: Dennis Montgomery gathers 47 hard drives of evidence of NSA/CIA spying on prominent business people such as Donald Trump, Supreme Court Chief Justice Roberts, FISA judges, and others, tries to alert Senate Judiciary Committee and FBI, is rebuffed.
March 2015: Susan Rice orders spy agencies to produce ‘detailed spreadsheets’ of legal phone calls Donald Trump and his aides made during presidential campaign, including intercepted phone calls to persons ‘unmasked’, that is, non-targeted individuals incidentally identified in investigations. The unmasked names are provided to CIA Director John Brennan and DNI James Clapper. Ben Rhodes assists Rice in these illegal operations. || Source and former U.S. Attorney Joseph diGenova.
March 2, 2015: NY Times reports that Sec of State Hillary Clinton uses a secret, personal server, instead of the official State Dept server, for email communications.
March 21, 2015: Clinton associates delete thousands of emails that were under subpoena. || Source
March 31, 2015: Clinton IT specialist Paul Combetta realizes he had not deleted all of Clinton’s emails, uses BleachBit software to do so.
2015: More than 50 intelligence analysts complain that their reports on ISIS and al-Qaeda are altered by senior officials in order to support misleading administration narratives. || Source
April 17, 2015: Burisma Advisor Vadim Pozharskyi email to Hunter Biden ‘Dear Hunter, thank you for inviting me to DC and giving an opportunity to meet your father and spent [sic] some time together‘, referring to introduction to VP Joe Biden.
May 2015: Amazon discovers the cloud storage servers it provides for CIA, DOD, HHS and many other government and private customers are infiltrated by a microchip disguised to look like a signal router. The chip, however, about the size of a grain of rice, incorporates memory, networking, and processing power sufficient to hack, upon remote command, any system in which it is embedded. The chip, designed by a Chinese military unit, was inserted into circuit boards manufactured in China and supplied to San Jose-based Supermicro, for sale to Amazon and others. || Source
Summer 2015: FBI warns DNC about alleged Russian hacking. DNC ignores the warning.
Sept 2015: FBI informant and real-estate advisor Felix Sater contacts Trump Organization lawyer Michael Cohen to propose Trump Tower project in Moscow. Sater is an FBI informant under a 1998 plea agreement with U.S. Attorney Andrew Weissman, in exchange for leniency on convictions for assault (stabbing a man in the face with a margarita glass) and racketeering. || Source
Sept 25, 2015: DOD Office of Net Assessment (ONA) awards $245,000 contract to longtime CIA informant Stephen Halper.
Oct 28, 2015: Trump Organization signs letter of intent, brokered by Felix Sater, to brand an office and residential tower in Moscow, to be built by local developer Andrey Rozov. Sater proposes obtaining funding from Arkady and Boris Rotenberg who are under U.S. Treasury-imposed sanctions since 2014, but fails to obtain commitment. Trump lawyer Michael Cohen cancels proposed deal in Dec 2015. Sater also seeks funds from Genbank and VTB Bank, both of which are also under U.S. Treasury-imposed sanctions, though again nothing materializes.
Late 2015: Virginia Governor Terry McAuliffe gives $675,000 to the political campaign of Jill McCabe, wife of FBI Deputy Director Andrew McCabe. McCabe is in charge of investigation into Hillary Clinton’s use of private server for classified communications.
Nov 2015: FBI conducts nebulous ‘about’ searches on Americans whose names ‘incidentally’ appear in searches of counterintelligence targets, fails to use minimization safeguards designed to protect people’s privacy from unconstitutional searches and seizures, and allows private contractors such as Fusion GPS access to raw surveillance information. || Source: FISA Court ruling of April 2017: ‘The FBI had disclosed raw FISA information, including but not limited to Section 702-acquired information,…to private contractors. ‘Private contractors had access to raw FISA information on FBI storage systems. Contractors had access to raw FISA information that went well beyond what was necessary to respond to the FBI’s requests…. The Court is concerned about the FBI’s apparent disregard of minimization rules and whether the FBI may be engaging in similar disclosures of raw Section 702 information that have not been reported.’
Nov 13, 2015: President Obama declares ISIS ‘contained’. || Source
Nov 13, 2015: ISIS executes a series of terror attacks in Paris, killing 130 people.
Nov 22, 2015: U.S. State Dept memo to VP Joe Biden summarizing goals of impending meeting with Ukraine President Poroshenko lists the first goal as ‘removal of Prosecutor General Shokin’. Viktor Shokin is investigating illicit payments from Burisma to Board Member Hunter Biden.
Dec 2015: Dennis Montgomery, the CIA contractor who built a mass surveillance tool in 2003, delivers 47 computer hard drives of illegally-harvested surveillance data to DOJ (Holder) and FBI under two limited immunity agreements.
Dec 8, 2015: New York Times article reports that Ukranian prosecutor general Viktor Shokin is investigating Burisma holdings and oligarch Mykola Zlochevsky, who received five billion dollars from Government of Ukraine.
Dec 10, 2015: Former DIA Dir Lt Gen Michael Flynn, speaks at RT event in Moscow, is paid $45,000. Putin is seated at same table.
Dec 15, 2015: President Obama issues Executive Order placing hand-picked members of the Senior Executive Service in key positions throughout Federal agencies, including:
Department of the Air Force – 182; Department of Labor – 200; Department of State – 204; Department of Transportation – 231; Department of Interior – 258; Department of the Army – 261; Department of the Navy – 326 Department of Veterans Affairs – 357; Department of Agriculture – 361; Department of Commerce – 425; Department of the Treasury – 458; Department of Health & Human Services – 468; Department of Defense – 478; Department of Energy – 490; Department of Homeland Security – 639.